Cosmetics are special products designed to beautify the skin and shape a beautiful appearance. They aim to improve a person’s appearance, care for the skin, hair, and nails, and bring freshness and health to all parts of the body. Made with various health benefits in mind, cosmetics are an indispensable element of everyday beauty routines.
Initially, the cosmetics industry was aligned with the pharmaceutical industry, but then distinctions between the two fields emerged. Today, they are once again very close, as the popularity of cosmetics directly depends on their positive effects on the body and safety. Have you ever wondered how cosmetics are made? Continue reading for some information about this process.
Types of Cosmetics:
In different countries/regions, different products are classified as cosmetics, so this classification can be adjusted.
Generally, all cosmetics can be divided into two volume groups:
1. Care (grooming) category. Their role is to care for the skin of the face, body, nails, and hair, maintaining the user’s beauty and youth, and solving various beauty problems, such as increasing dryness/oiliness, loss of elasticity, rapid aging, etc.
Soaps, gels, foams, and cleansing milks. Use them to wash your face, cleaning different types of dirt on the face and body. The use of these means is regular, daily. At the same time, it is important to consider that different formulations are usually suitable for different skin types.
Exfoliants, scrubs, and peels. They can help you deeply clean your skin. Meanwhile, the first two products are essential for oily and combination skin, and the third is essential for sensitive and dry skin.
Lotions and nourishing products. They not only remove residues of products used in washing but also condition the skin.
Shampoos, conditioners, and hair masks. Nourish and care for your hair, preventing hair damage.
When choosing any type of care cosmetics, it is important to follow the basic rule: choose products suitable for your skin and hair type. These are not just marketing tricks, but products that meet certain usage conditions. For example, formulas for dry skin are characterized by increased texture density and usually contain oils that are useful for dry skin, while oily skin may be prone to inflammation. In fact, cosmetics for oily and combination skin are the opposite: their texture is usually lighter, and they cannot cope with dryness, which is important for intensive nutrition, while for oily, this is what you need.
2. Decorative category: The task of these products is to hide appearance flaws as much as possible and emphasize advantages. The most common products in this group include:
Powders, foundations, primers, concealers, blushes. Aimed at making the skin smooth, well-groomed, matte, and hiding small imperfections (dark circles, acne, large pores, etc.).
Mascaras, eyeshadows, and eyeliners. Their task is to present all the beauty of the eyes, making the look deeper and more expressive. Mascara can lengthen eyelashes, making them more voluminous, some of which are waterproof, so you can even wear makeup to the pool. In turn, eyeshadows can be compact, fragile, and creamy.
Lipsticks and lip glosses. They focus on the lips, helping to correct shape and volume, and moisturize.
When choosing decorative cosmetics, it is necessary to consider not only the specific conditions of the skin but also seasonal factors. Dry cosmetics are more heat-resistant, with a creamy texture, more secure in winter, and prevent frostbite.
Usually, any woman has a set of cosmetics from both described groups. It is important to store all existing cosmetics under the right conditions and use them only until the expiration date. Otherwise, allergic reactions cannot be excluded.
Additionally, it’s worth considering this division of cosmetics: for mass consumers and professionals.
The former are more affordable in terms of price and volume of sales at many points of sale (supermarkets, markets, etc.). However, you need to be careful with them, as the principle of “no guarantees provided by the company” often works here, as the saying goes, all risks are borne by the buyer.
As for professional cosmetics, they are not so easy to find. Usually, you need to visit specialized stores or beauty salons. These products are a bit more expensive, which is no secret. But it’s also known that due to careful control and use of raw material ratios in production, their quality is also higher.
Cosmetic production requires specialized machinery to prepare raw materials (piping, preparing water solutions, filtering, melting solids, etc.), as well as for cooking, filling, and packaging. Like other production facilities, cosmetics also rely on warehouses for storing raw materials and finished products.
First, when making cosmetics, it’s necessary to prepare raw materials, most of which are natural substances, such as plant extracts, minerals, water, etc., and synthetic fragrances or preservatives may be added. The proportion of various ingredients
will affect the final effect, so it’s important to ensure precise proportioning.
Then, before production, all raw materials need to be melted, as melted raw materials can mix more fully, producing a purer synthetic material. Next, this synthetic material is distilled to obtain the final cosmetic raw materials.
After melting and distillation, various active ingredients are obtained, and laboratory personnel will mix them as needed, such as adjusting the proportion of active ingredients, adding flavor enhancers, etc., until the mixed raw materials pass machine testing and can proceed to the next step.
After blending, processing is carried out, sometimes involving drying and other processes to keep the raw materials fresh. They may also be mixed properly using a mixer. For some products with strict testing standards, labels are attached after mixing. Such products undergo various strict checks to ensure they do not harm users.
Finally, the processed items are packaged, most often in bottles or other materials, then these bottles are repackaged for assembly.
What Are Cosmetics Made Of?
To manufacture cosmetics, specific raw materials with certain functions are used during production. At the same time, one ingredient can have multiple properties. Below is a list of the required cosmetic ingredient groups: abrasives, absorbents for dandruff and microorganisms, depilatories, antioxidants, antistatic agents, adhesives, dietary supplements, bleaching agents, plant-origin raw materials, buffering components, integrators, dyes, pigments and denaturants, moisturizers and emulsifiers, film and foam concentrates, fragrances and humectants, contrast agents and oxidants, preservatives, gases, skin regenerators, solvents, surfactants, UV filters, viscosity control additives.
Additionally, unusual raw materials can be added as needed to achieve various beauty effects:
- Used vegetable oils (for skin cell regeneration and revitalization);
- Pepper extracts (used in lipstick production);
- Chicken bone marrow (strengthens skin cell formation and improves existing cell structure, acts as an anti-inflammatory);
- Fish scales (add shine and luster to cosmetics, especially lipsticks, hair and nail polishes;
- Cochineal powder (to obtain bright red color);
- White ambergris (extends the duration of fragrance molecules on the skin);
- Algae shells (clean facial skin);
- Nightingale feces (clean skin, whiten and fight bacteria);
- Placenta (moisturizes skin, gives elasticity, provides oxygen to cells and enhances regeneration);
- Snake venom (fights mimic wrinkles);
- Black caviar (strengthens vessels, moisturizes and smooths skin);
- Snail waste (removes scars, stretch marks, and acne, as well as revitalizes).
Common Chemical Components of Cosmetics
The chemical components of cosmetics may include
- Lipids (saturate the skin with nourishing ingredients);
- Ceramides (prevent dryness, prevent wrinkles);
- Plant extracts (are natural sources of vitamins and minerals)
- Bioactive ingredients, including herbs, enzymes, and enzymes (to enhance the desired effect).
- The basis of any cosmetic is natural (fish oil, lanolin, cocoa butter) or synthetic (gelatin, chitosan) fats/oils. They are needed to create a whole from different components.
To ensure that products last longer and do not spoil after opening the packaging, preservatives are added. The more preservatives, the longer the shelf life of the cosmetics. However, it is important to consider that these substances not only destroy pathogenic bacteria but can also have a negative impact on the healthy microbiome of the skin.
As for fragrance additives and fragrances, their function is to provide a pleasant aroma. Synthetic materials are often used for this, not excluding natural materials.
Vitamins and acids play a special role in cosmetics. These include but are not limited to the following substances:
Vitamin A: A natural component with significant anti-inflammatory effects. It helps remove rashes, age spots, rosacea, and blackheads, reduces the number of wrinkles, revitalizes, improves complexion, helps restore blush on the cheeks, evens out skin relief and tone, moisturizes and provides elasticity. Suitable for all skin types. It is a common ingredient in various masks.
Vitamin E: A unique natural material. An antioxidant with good revitalizing properties: slows down the aging process, helps cell regeneration, smooths wrinkles, tightens the skin, making it firm and elastic, removes double chin, normalizes blood circulation, gives the face a healthy appearance and beautiful color. As an antidepressant, it can relieve fatigue, invigorate, blush cheeks, and increase cell membrane strength. As an antioxidant, it removes toxic compounds and protects cells from free radical damage. As an anti-inflammatory, it targets lesions, removes acne and blackheads, and helps remove blackheads. In addition, it whitens (lightens freckles and age spots) and moisturizes by regulating the internal water balance and sebum secretion in cells. It is an ingredient in masks aimed at restoring the beauty of mature skin.
Salicylic Acid: The capabilities of this raw material include:
- – Reducing inflammation (effectively fighting bacteria, preventing the formation of sudden acne, removing abscesses, and enhancing scratch healing);
- – Cleansing (removing dead cells, excessive scalp oil, dirt, and grease from pores, drying to reduce sebum production, and reducing sweating);
- – Revitalizing (activating cell regeneration, skin renewal, smoothing the relief, reducing the thickness of the stratum corneum, and eliminating wrinkles);
- – Bleaching freckles and pigmentation.
Its widespread use explains the positive role of this acid in the manufacture of lotions, nourishing products, foams, serums, face creams, scrubs, masks, exfoliants, and other products for oily, problematic, and aging skin, as well as antiperspirants.
Previously, only natural ingredients were used in cosmetic production, but today, in addition to natural components, synthetic substances are also employed. This represents a significant breakthrough in the versatility of cosmetic functions. However, improper use or dosage may lead to adverse effects.
Only by taking full responsibility for the manufacturing of cosmetics can you ensure your customers are satisfied with both the results and the price and quality of the product. This will increase the demand for your products and, consequently, profits.
Thincen Technology is one of China’s leading manufacturers and exporters of its own brand of cosmetics, with over 11 years of service in the cosmetics manufacturing industry. We are committed to all aspects of the cosmetics business, including design, research, development, manufacturing, innovation, and OEM/ODM services. We provide customized services for over 1000 own brands in more than 120 countries worldwide. With global certifications like GMPC and ISO 22716, we understand the potential issues associated with the use of certain ingredients in cosmetics and are committed to adhering to high safety standards in product formulation, ensuring the exclusion of controversial substances.